Design – Simulation-Automation -Control
Advance Programmable Logic Controllers (PLC) Skills
For more info contact: Tel: 08133476558, 07085740887
Address: Opebi, Ikeja, Lagos State, Nigeria

Process Design Practical Training (Technical Method)


1.1 Process Engineering deliverable
1.1.1. Conceptual Design:
1.1.2. FEED
1.1.3 Basic/Detailed Design
1.1.4. Commissioning & Startup
1.2 Component of production system
1.2.1. Standard and Code

1.3. Types of process diagrams

-Introduction to DIN and ISA basic instrument Symbols
-PFD and P & ID diagram
-Flow Diagram
-Electrical drawing
- Elevation drawing
-Equipment location drawing
-Foundational drawing
-Legends diagram
- Plot plan and equipment arrangements
- Isometric drawing
1.4. Scope of process engineering inputs and outputs

P and IDs Design Process
- Preparation of Block Diagram
- Preparation of Process Flow Diagrams (PFDs)
- Preparation of Piping and Instrument Diagrams (P & IDs)
- Utility flow diagram (UFD)
- Preparation of Mass, Heat and Energy Balance (HMB)
- Pipe Isometric drawing
- EMCS block diagrams (Electronic Measuring Control System)
-Estimating production cost and profitability
1.5. Component of pipe connection
• Methods of pipe connections (Body materials, end connection, operation, pressure class, size, specification)
• Fittings (valve, flanges, pipe and tube, elbow, Tee, Gasket, Fastener, industrial bolt ), Some different, Pipeline, pipe, Conduit, Tubing, Ducting, class, Schedule, NPS, NB & OD of a pipe, National Pipe Thread Taper NPT, code, standard, specification.
• ANSI B16.6 and API 6A pressure rating
Project work

2.1. Fluid flow design
• Fluid flow types and characteristics
• Flow conditions
• Laminar vs. Turbulent
• Velocity limitation
• Temperature and pressure consideration
• Reynolds’s number (When and how to use it)
• Liquid and Gas viscosity (When and how to use it)
• Relative roughness (When and how to use it)
• Frictional factor - equation and charts (When and how to use it)
• Z – factor correlation (When and how to use it)
• Operating , design and environmental condition and consideration
• Class, Schedule, Code and standard
2.2 Application of Basic equation in process design
• Bernoulli’s equation (When and how to use it)
• Darcy’s s equation (When and how to use it)
• General and empirical Hazen – Williams equation for liquids (When and how to use it)
• Isothermal, General, Weymouth and Panhandle equation General and empirical equation (When and how to use it)
• Approximate equations for small pressure drops (When and how to use it)
• Spitzglass equation for very low pressure line (When and how to use it)
• Fritzsch’s and Babcock equation for steam flow (When and how to use it)
• AGA, API RP 14 E and other empirical equations for 2- phase flow (When and how to use it)
• Effects of elevation on pipeline pressure drop (When and how to use it )
2.3 Head Loss in valves and fitting in process line
• Head loss in valves and fitting
• Resistance and flow coefficients
• Equivalent length determination
Project work

3.1 Line sizing determination
• Flow rate and surge factor consideration
• Pressure drop consideration
• Erosion velocity
• Single phase Liquid and Gas line sizing
• 2- phase line sizing
• Multiphase line sizing
3.2 Sizing and specification of process equipment and selection

Pressure vessel equipment, Distillation column, Pumps (Vacuum pump, Dynamic pump)
Pipe sizing and pipe sizing for heating system, Separators, Knock out drum, Compressors,
Valves, Flanges, Gaskets, Chiller/heater, Boilers, Ducts, Heat exchanger, Stripper,
Absorber, Reflux drum, Turbines, Fan, Reactors, Filters
3.3 Control valve sizing – Gas line, Liquid line, oil line
3.4. Understanding Modeling and Simulation techniques (Advance)
3.5. Development and draught of P & ID of units operations
Project work


4.1. Process control design:
Control parameter - Feed forward, feedback, cascade, ratio, Adaptive, inferential
• Mathematical model, PID Tuning and the design of controllers, Mode of operation of various controller types Characteristic parameters
• The proportional controller
• The integral-action controller
• The PI controller
• The PD controller
• The PID controller
• PI flow diagram
• EMCS block diagrams interpretation of point (Electronic Measuring Control System)
• Process protection measures
4.2. Introduction to:
4.2.1 HAZID and HAZOP study
4.2.3 Cause and effect charts
4.2.3. Preparation of Datasheet for:

-Process instrument
-Corrosion coupon and corrosion probe
4.3.3. Basic process design philosophy
5.0. Understanding Spreadsheet Development
5.1. Development of HMB Spreadsheet
5.2. Development of Spreadsheet for lines sizing
5.3. Development of Spreadsheet for PSV sizing
5.4. Introduction to unit operation costing
5.4.1. Development of Spreadsheet for costing
6.0. Presentation of Result and Project reporting
Project work

Design – Simulation-Automation -Control
Advance Programmable Logic Controllers (PLC) Skills
For more info contact: Tel: 08133476558, 07085740887
Address: Opebi, Ikeja, Lagos State, Nigeria